How many sides and players are needed?
A Cricket game is played between 2 sides consisting of 11 players and each side elects a captain. There is also a reserve player called the "twelfth man" who can field in place of any player who is injured but they are not allowed to bat, bowl, wicket keep or captain the side.
How are the rules enforced?
Two umpires placed on the playing field are supported by a third off field umpire who is in charge of video decisions when the call is too close to be made by the on field umpires.
What is test cricket?
A cricket test is a game that spans over two innings so the teams need to bowl each other out twice and the team with the most runs is the winner. There is no limit on the number of overs bowled in each innings but the length of a cricket test is limited to 5 days.
Who bats first?
At the start of the game an official tosses a coin and the captain who wins the toss chooses if they want to be the first side to bat or field.
When is an innings over?
When 10 batsman from a side have been bowled out their innings is over and it is the fielding sides turn to bat. When 10 batsman from the fielding side have been bowled out the innings is over. Although there are eleven people in each team a sides innings end with 1 player who is not out because players can only bat in pairs.
What is a follow-on?
Once the second team has then bowled out the first team batting would normally return to bat again unless the first team to bat makes 200 runs or more than the second team they must bat again or follow-on straight away. This is useful if the game is progressing slowly or it is affected by bad weather limiting the time for both teams to play 2 innings.
What is declaring an innings?
If one team is not bowled out 2 times to determine a winner within five days of play the game is declared a draw so when a side has a substantial lead they can declare the innings so the other side must bat again and the team with the lead creaates an opportunity to bowl the other side out to win the game.
How do batesman score runs?
The aim of the batsmen is to hit the ball to give himself and the other batsman the opportunity to run to each other's end of the pitch while the fielders chase the ball. Batsman run as many times as possible without being caught away from a wicket when the fielders return the ball to the bowler or wicket keeper. Runs are also scored from no balls, wide balls, byes & leg byes.
What is a four or a six?
When the batsman hits the ball that reaches the boundary of the oval he is automatically awarded 4 runs and when the ball reaches the boundary on the full they receive 6 runs. Any runs made while the ball is travelling are not counted and the batman who hit the ball stays at the crease ready to face the next ball that is bowled.
How do you run the batesman out?
While the batsman are running the fielders try to return the ball to the bowler or wicket keeper so they can hit the stumps. If the ball hits the stumps before the batesman has crossed the crease (a white line close to the stumps) they are run out and the next batsman in the order is bought on to bat.
When is a batsman bowled out?
Whether the ball has touched the batsman's bat, gloves, body or any other part of the batsman when the bowled ball hits the stumps and knocks off a bail the batman has been bowled out. The ball is not allowed to touch another player or the umpire before hitting the wicket.
How do you get LBW?
LBW leg before wicket is when the ball hits the batsman on the leg below his knee and the umpire believes if the batsman was not in the way the ball would have hit one of the stumps.
How else can a batsman go out?
There are a number of other ways a batsman can be given out, it he ball is caught by a fieldsman or wicket keeper in full flight, if the ball is touched by a hand not holding the bat, the bat hits the wicket while the ball is in play or the wicketkeeper puts down the wicket with the ball while the batsman is out of his crease.